Naturopathic Physician has completed a four-year naturopathic medical education at one of the five accredited naturopathic medical schools in North America. Naturopathic physicians have received a comprehensive education in conventional medicine. In addition, they have received clinical and academic education in the most effective natural medicines. Naturopathic doctors may choose homeopathic, herbal, and/or nutritional therapies in the treatment of disease. Other therapies are employed according to the physician’s preferred methods of practice. This may include therapies such as physical manipulations or Chinese herbal medicines. Membership in the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians assures that a doctor has graduated with a four year degree, has passed national board exams and holds a state license to practice naturopathic medicine.